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美国essay代写读后感The Library of Babel

文章类型:essay 发布时间:2019-08-06

阿根廷作家豪尔赫·路易斯·博尔赫斯(Jorge Luis Borges)在其着名的短篇小说“巴别图书馆”(The Library of Babel)中宣称图书馆是上帝的产物,该图书馆于1944年写成。在短篇小说中,博尔赫斯强调图书馆的永恒存在,并使另外,博尔赫斯描述了图书馆里各种各样的东西,从图书馆员到传说中的书籍,从宏伟的门厅到书籍的破坏。图书馆的每一句话都显示了图书馆的无限性。博尔赫斯将他的宇宙描述为相邻和巨大的六边形房间的扩展。每个房间都有基本的生活必需品,还有四面书架。居民认为它包含故事中25个基本字符的所有可能序列,包括22个字母,句号,逗号和空格,而书籍的顺序和细节是任意的,显然毫无意义。博尔赫斯使用抽象语言来抽象地表达抽象概念,混乱的思想,混乱和重复的书籍,包括对宇宙的哲学思考。
Jorge Luis Borges, an Argentine writer, declared that the library was the product of God in his famous short story, The Library of Babel, which was wrote in 1944. In the short story, Borges emphasizes the eternal existence of the library and makes the library sacred.Besides, Borges describesvarious things in the library, from librarians to some legendary books, from the magnificent foyer to the destruction of books.The infinity of the library is shown in every sentences of the book. Borges describes his universe as an expansion of adjacent andtremendous hexagonal rooms. Each room has basic necessities for life, as well as four walls of bookshelves. The residents believe that it contains all possible sequences of 25 basic characters in the story, including 22 letters, period, comma, and space, while the sequence and details of the books are arbitrary and obviously meaningless. Borges uses abstract language to abstractly express abstract ideas, the thought of the disorder, chaos and repetition of books consisting of philosophical thinking about the universe.

25个书面符号的任意排列构成了所有书籍的可能性,反映了博尔赫斯的语言观察,也就是说语言是世界的本质。 约会烘焙到历史上人类发展的最初演变,语言是生命的贡献。 语言构成了整个世界的构成,代表了世界的核心。
The arbitrary arrangement of the 25 written symbols constitutes the possibility of all books, reflecting the language observation of Borges, that is to say language is the essence of the world. Dating bake to the initial evolution of human development in history, languagesmakesvitalcontributions. Language constitutes the composition of the entire world and represents the core of the world’slaws.

由博尔赫斯建造的图书馆世界类似于在某些方面提到弗罗德的“梦想”的梦想位移。在某些情况下,人们会发生或不发生梦想流离失所现象。梦想流离失所后,一些非必要的东西被取代。 重组使梦想变得模糊和复杂,但关键的事情保持不变。 “巴别图书馆”中博尔赫斯的抽象使图书馆的形象复杂化,但只有一个相同的主题是永恒的。正如弗洛伊德的理论所说,对主题的把握主要是通过视觉来实现的。 思想将影响工作内容的建模并重新安排结构(弗洛伊德55)。 它也适用于博尔赫斯在书中的哲学讨论。
The library world constructed by Borges is similar to the dream displacementmentionedFreud’s On Dreamsin some respects.The phenomena ofdream displacementwill occur or not occur to people in some cases.After dream displacement, some non-essential things are replaced. Reorganization makes dreams vague and complicated, but the key things remain unchanged. The abstraction of Borges in The Library of Babel complicates the image of the library, but there is only one same theme, which is eternal.As Freud's theory says, the grasp of the subject matter is mainly carried out through vision. Thoughts will influence the modelling of work content and rearrange the structure (Freud 55). It also applies to the philosophy discussion of Borges in books.

博尔赫斯使用了许多标志性概念,如无限,现实和许多可视化图像,如书中的迷宫。 图书馆也是对宇宙的明显比喻。 图书馆的概念是通过与Borel的指纹猴定理进行比较而得到的。“在少数几个永恒中,有6只提供打字机的猴子会在大英博物馆里制作所有书籍”,博尔赫斯(3)在“The 总图书馆“。
Borges uses many signature conceptslike infinity, realityand many visualized images like labyrinthsin his book. The library is also an apparent analogy to the universe. The concept of the library is featured by comparingwith the Borel's dactylographic monkey theorem.“Half-dozen monkeys provided with typewriters would, in a few eternities, produce all the books in the British Museum”, said Borges (3) in the chapter “The Total Library”.

巴别图书馆融合了许多宗教和哲学观点。 小说中的图书馆结构是一个六角形的回廊,上下无限延伸,每个回廊的门通向另一个六边形。 这种时间和空间联系的灵感可能来自世界佛教理论。 博尔赫斯提倡主观和感性思维,否认理论和理性思维。
The Library of Babel incorporates many religious and philosophical views. The structure of the library in the novel is a hexagonal cloister that extends infinitely up and down, with the door in each cloister leads to another hexagon. The inspiration for this connection of time and space may come from the world theory of Buddhism. Borges advocates themetaphorical and perceptual thinking and denies the theoreticaland rational thinking.
 
 
 
 参考文献

博尔赫斯,豪尔赫·路易斯。 巴别图书馆。 编辑苏尔。1941年。
弗洛伊德,西格蒙德。 关于梦想。 白色新闻。2014年
Works Cited
Borges, Jorge Luis. The Library of Babel. Editorial Sur. 1941.
Freud, Sigmund. On Dreams. White Press. 2014.

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