在电影中，许多主要角色都是象征性的。 Ofelia在佛朗哥政权下代表西班牙。 Ofelia的母亲Carmen是天主教的象征，因为天主教是西班牙的民族信仰（刘57）。继父维达尔上尉则代表佛朗哥·瑞金（Franco Regime）（46岁）。在神话故事中，Ofelia需要完成三项任务才能回到黑社会。第三项任务是杀死她的小弟弟，但她拒绝用弟弟的血来换取她的幸福生活。最终，Ofelia并没有将小弟弟交给Faun，但她也被Vidal上尉杀害，因为他想自己保留孩子。婴儿代表了西班牙的未来和新生活。新政权的诞生是一个复杂的过程，必须有牺牲和鲜血（岳47）。梅赛德斯是维达尔上尉的仆人，实际上是反法兰克战斗机和游击队的间谍。她总是保护Ofelia和她的弟弟。因此，梅塞德斯代表共产党人和善良。游击队杀死了维达尔上尉，这象征着完成佛朗哥政权的愿望。迷宫的守护者法恩也是一个重要的象征。 Faun是一个古老的罗马神，有一个人的身体，山羊的腿和角。梅赛德斯曾经警告过奥菲莉亚，法恩很棘手。在第二项任务中，Ofelia不听梅赛德斯的命令，而是做出自己的决定，最后，她完成了任务。因此，Faun象征着人们可以选择的欺骗性选择。The film Pans Labyrinth is a fantasy movie with magical elements in it. The plot is told in two story lines, the reality and a mythical world, which was an imagination of the girl, Ofelia. In reality, Ofelia traveled with her pregnant mother to live with Captain Vidal. Her mother died while giving birth to her brother. Ofelia also died at last. In the fairy tale, Ofelia is the princess of underground world. She could only go back by finishing three tasks. The director uses the symbolic setting, characters and objects to convey the theme of criticizing the war and expressing the good wishes of peace.
The setting of the story has a symbolic meaning. The whole movie intertwines between the reality and the mythical world. In reality, the story takes place during the Francoist regime period. The Francoist captain killed innocent people and hunted down anti-Franco fighters. The plot of killing is cruel and bloody and the color of the movie is dark and depressing. However, in the mythical story, Ofelia was guided by some fairy to the labyrinth, which was guarded by faun. Faun asked Ofelia to finish three tasks and only if she finished the task could she go back to the underworld to be the princess. In the ending of the movie, Ofelia died in reality, but in the mythical story, she returned back to the underworld and met her father and mother there. The story happens in reality is the true reflection of the real world, in which innocent people are killed. While the fairy tale implies that people are pursuing a stable life and looking forward to peace.
In the movie, many main characters are symbolic. Ofelia represents Spain under the Franco Regime. Ofelia’s mother Carmen is the symbol of the Catholic Church because Catholic is the national belief of Spain (Liu 57). And the step-father Captain Vidal represents Franco Regime (Yue 46). In the mythical story, Ofelia needs to complete three tasks to go back to the underworld. The third task was to kill her little baby brother, but she refused to use her brother’s blood for an exchange of her happy life. Finally, Ofelia did not give her baby brother to Faun, but she also killed by Captain Vidal for he wanted to keep the baby by himself. The baby represents the future and the new life of Spain. The birth of a new regime is a complicated process, and there must be sacrifice and blood (Yue 47). Mercedes, who is the servant of Captain Vidal, was actually a spy of anti-Franco fighter and guerrilla. She always protected Ofelia and her baby brother. Therefore, Mercedes represents the communists and kindness. The guerrilla killed Captain Vidal, which symbolizes the wish of finishing Franco regime. Faun, the guard of the labyrinth, is also an important symbol. Faun is an ancient Roman god with the body of a man and legs and horns of a goat. Mercedes used to warn Ofelia that Faun is tricky. In the second task, Ofelia did not listen to Mercedes’ order and made her own decision and finally, she completed the task. Therefore, Faun symbolized deceptive and different choices that people can choose.
象征性的对象是葡萄和曼陀罗。 Ofelia同意执行这三个任务，在完成第二个任务后，她忽略了Faun警告她不要触摸任何东西。 Ofelia无法抗拒诱惑，并吃了两个葡萄。葡萄代表着诱惑，这意味着无论战争的哪一方面，没有人能避免成为战争中善良一方的概念。 Faun送给Ofelia Mandrake减轻母亲的病。曼德拉（Mandrake）是神奇的草，需要在血液和牛奶中进行培育。曼德拉（Mandrake）被维塔尔（Vital）上尉发现，奥菲莉亚（Ofelia）的母亲把它扔进火里。曼陀罗象征着未知的社会观念，但被独裁者摧毁。拥挤在血液和牛奶中也意味着无论谁统治这个国家，人们都会流血（刘58）。一些政治观念在没有像mandrake那样完成时就死了，人们有时无法做出正确的选择来鼓励激进的统治方式，因为他们有时无法抵抗某种诱惑，就像Ofelia不能停止吃葡萄一样（刘58 ）。
In sum, the symbols the movie uses to reveal the message that war is cruel and people are pursuing a stable and safe protection. If there is a war, people are the first to be hurt, such as the two ordinary hunters who were killed by Captain Vidal just because he suspected that they were rebels. This movie concentrates on these problems from the perspective of a little girl to emphasize the cruelty of war and the good wishes of a peaceful life.
Liu, Ying. “The Modeling Metaphor of Magical Castle in Pan’s Labyrinth.” Movie Literature: 17, 2017:57-59.
Yue, Lan. “An Analysis on Metaphor and Multiple Connotations in Pan’s Labyrinth.” Movie Review: 3, 2016. 46-48.