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美国essay代写高分原创文章 Philosophy Essay

文章类型:essay 发布时间:2019-08-15

在“与你合作的案例”中,Mathew Crawford比较了几种产生不同想法的工作经验,并让他认为这是一项好工作。他在办公室描述了这份工作,他在那里撰写文章摘要,这是一种使他的知识贬值的悲惨遭遇。为了达到所需数量的摘要,他必须在不进一步理解每篇文章的情况下撰写。工作量使他没有多少时间去思考,也没那么专注于工作。更重要的是,他的经理只是指出了无所谓的错误,因为经理“培养了对工作缺乏承诺”(9)。因此,克劳福德感到“被困”在工作中。相反,他在一家自营摩托车商店工作,他在那里工作和实际工作,不同于办公室的工作经验。它创造了更多的进步,因为他遇到了与不同变量相关的挑战,并且“需要复杂的思考”,他完全致力于工作(6)。此外,他在一个有经验的工人的集体社区工作,以学习(6)。结果,克劳福德认为这是一个让他开心的好工作。


  In The Case for Working with Your Hands, Mathew Crawford compared several working experiences which generate different ideas and make him think what a good job is. He described the job in the office where he wrote summaries for articles a miserable experience that devalues his knowledge. To reach a required number of abstracts, he has to write without further understanding of each article. The work amount leaves him less time to think and less concentration to the work. What’s more, his manager just points out indifferent mistakes because the manager “cultivates a lack of commitment to the work” (9). Thus, Crawford feels ‘trapped’ in the work. On the contrary, his work at a self-employed motorcycle shop, where he works manually and practically, differ the working experience at the office. It creates more progress as he encountered challenges that engage with different variables and “require complex thinking” that he totally devoted himself to the work (6). Also, he works in a collective community with experienced workers to learn from (6). As a result, Crawford thinks it is a good job that makes him happy.
                                                                                                                                                                                       在Richard Kraut的“蓬勃发展的前瞻性”中,他引入了“人类繁荣”,这对于具有“认知,情感,感官和社交能力”的人来说是有益的(137)。也就是说,人们不仅身体健康,而且还可以通过这些组件保持更多的心理健康。 Kraut还解释了“无意识,重复,情绪窒息,社会孤立,身体虚弱的任务......”这些糟糕的工作......(142)。从这个意义上讲,办公室工作未能使克劳福德蓬勃发展,因为他无法在写作中体验到认知和感官。由于工作量很大,他表现得缺乏认知能力。在他的工作中,他被困在悖论中,这是缺乏感官力量。另一方面,克劳福德在摩托车商店的手工作业中蓬勃发展,因为他在工作中具有高度的认知和社交能力。解决他在工作中遇到的问题的复杂思想实现了认知能力。他积极参与社区,向经验丰富的工人学习,实现了社会力量。这些权力促进了他在工作中的幸福感。                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In Richard Kraut’s Prolegomenon to Flourishing, he introduced ‘human flourishing’ that good for people with “cognitive, affective, sensory and social powers” (137). That is to say, people are not only physically well but also maintain a more psychological well-being with these components. Kraut also explained the bad jobs which are “mindless, repetitive, emotionally stifling, socially isolating, physically debilitating tasks…” (142). The office work fails to flourish Crawford, in this sense, because he cannot experience cognitive and sensory in writing. He is mindless because of the amount of work, representing the lack of cognitive power. He is ‘trapped’ in the paradox in his working, which is a lack of sensory power. On the other hand, Crawford is flourishing in the manual work at the motorcycle shop as he is highly cognitive and social in the work. The complex thinking to solve the problems he encountered in working fulfills the cognitive power. His active being in the community to learn from the experienced workers fulfills the social power. Those powers promote his feeling of happiness in the job.

影响美好生活的另一个因素是技术。在“为什么我们不能再读了?或者,书籍可以让我们从数字化到我们的大脑中拯救我们吗?“Hugh McGuire解释了他的幸福观念,即避免数字化的废墟让我们专注于生活。麦圭尔分享了他的问题,专注于导致阅读更少书籍和急切寻求数字设备的事情。他专注于这本书的原因是阅读需要最集中,但人类的大脑习惯于数字多巴胺,除了现在的互联网之外几乎没有关注任何东西。他列出了一些解决方案,以避免设备,不在设备上阅读文章和阅读书籍。通过这种方式,他适应了阅读书籍,再次感觉很棒。
 
Another factor that affects a good life is technology. In “Why can’t we read anymore? Or, can books save us from what digital does to our brains?” Hugh McGuire explained his idea of well-being as avoiding digital’s ruins to our concentration to our life. McGuire shared his problem to concentrate on things which resulted in reading fewer books and eagerly seeking out on digital devices. The reason he focused on the book is that reading needs the most concentration, but human brains are used to digital dopamine to hardly focus on anything except the internet nowadays. He listed some solutions, to avoid devices, to read no articles on devices and to read books instead. In this way, he adapted to reading books and feels great again.
McGuire没有阅读书籍可以参考Kraut的蓬勃发展的想法。技术削弱了阻碍这些权力发展的认知和社会力量。正如Kraut所解释的那样,发展主义是人类通过“认知,社交,情感和身体技能”的运动而蓬勃发展(Kraut 141)。这里的技术有助于搞乱人们对这些权力的既定发展。它具有认知能力,因为它阻止人们注意对某些事物的理解。技术提供简短的信息和文章,使人们在阅读书籍中的单词,句子和段落时减少思考,集中精力。它获得了社会力量,因为它打破了社交技巧的运用,使对话成为灵魂。相反,技术为人们提供即时聊天,并在社交网络上发布,从而破坏对话。因此,重要的是回到阅读,因为一本书正在为人们发展这些权力而蓬勃发展,特别是在认知上。
 
Paul Camenisch谈到了商业道德中关于道德功能和人类繁荣的商业评估:关于到达问题的核心。他将其产品和服务的商业和服务定义为道德的商业和服务,而商业产品和服务阻碍人类的繁荣是可疑的和不道德的(64)。换句话说,对企业功能的评估应该关注其对人类繁荣的作用,无论其在市场中的利润和地位如何。
 
其中一个有助于人类繁荣的产品是Google Docs,大多数人都会使用它来写作和分享新想法。虽然它不是一种人类实体拥有的产品,但它为人们提供了认知,情感,感官和社交能力的运动。 Google Docs创建了一个文字编辑平台,提供了不同的模板可供选择,编辑可以通过编辑自己的设计来改变这些模板。它确保了感官力量的创造性和发展。保存文档的每个更改的能力也方便人们真正专注于有意识的写作,而不是担心在出现任何技术问题时丢失。它有助于培养认知能力,因为人们可以专注于写作。共享功能还使团队工作更容易,这有助于建立社会权力。更重要的是,它是一个在线编辑平台,每个人都可以使用连接到互联网,而无需在计算机上安装,因此人们可以通过公共计算机访问它。轻松访问提供了让人们快乐和放松使用的好处,而不是专注于从中获利。因此,这种产品在道德上起到了为人们的美好生活服务的作用。
 
McGuire's failure to read books can refer to Kraut's idea of flourishing. Technology weakens cognitive and social power that hindered the development to these powers. The developmentalism, as Kraut's explained, is that the human is flourishing with an exercise of "cognitive, social, affective, and physical skills" (Kraut 141). Technology here serves to mess up with people's established development of those powers. It gets in the cognitive power because it stops people mindful of the understanding of certain things. Technology provides brief messages and articles and to make people think less and concentrate less while reading words, sentences, and paragraphs in books. It gets in the social power because it breaks the exercise of social skills that make conversation soul to soul. Instead, technology provides people instant chat and post on social networks that undermine the conversation. Thus, it is important to get back to reading as a book is flourishing for people for the development of these powers, especially cognitively.
 
Paul Camenisch talks about evaluation of business in regard to the moral function and human flourishing in Business Ethics: on Getting to the Heart of the Matter. He defines business whose products and services serve and contribute to human flourishing as moral, while business whose products and services obstruct human flourishing as questionable and immoral (64). In other words, evaluation on the function of the business should focus on its function to human flourishing regardless of its making of profits and position in markets.
 
One of the products that contribute to human flourishing is Google Docs, which is used by most people in writing and sharing new ideas. Though it is not a product that is physical owned by people, it serves people with flourishing on their exercise with cognitive, affective, sensory, and social power. Google Docs creates a word editing platform, offers different templates to choose from which could be changed by the editors’ own favor of design. It ensures the creativeness and the development of sensory power. The ability to save every change to the documents is also convenient for people to really focus on mindful writing instead of worrying about losing in case of any technical problems. It helps develop the cognitive power since it people can focus on the writing. The sharing function also makes it easier for group working, which helps establish social power. What’s more, it is an online editing platform that everyone can use with the connection to the internet without paying for it installing on the computer, so that people can access to it through public computers. The easy access provides benefits that flourishing people with joy and relaxed to use, instead of focusing on making profits from it. Therefore, this product is morally functioned to serve people for a good life.

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